How to build a greenhouse: a few recommendations

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How to build a greenhouse: a few recommendations

Any self-respect­ing sum­mer res­i­dent wants to get a har­vest more and faster than any­one. To make this dream come true, it is nec­es­sary to build a house for plants or a green­house. The fact is that humid­i­ty and a cer­tain tem­per­a­ture regime are main­tained inside the green­house, which con­tributes to an ear­ly and more abun­dant har­vest. And not every gar­den­er knows how to build a green­house. A green­house in a coun­try house or in a coun­try house is an urgent need if you like fresh veg­eta­bles and greens “from the gar­den”. We have such a cli­mate that lit­tle grows in open ground.

Con­tent

  • Buy ready-made or make your own
  • Where to begin
  • Foun­da­tion — the basis of the foun­da­tions
  • Green­house frame — choose the shape and mate­r­i­al
  • Cov­er­ing the frame with film
  • Ven­ti­la­tion and heat­ing of green­hous­es

Buy ready-made or make your own

The green­house should serve for many years, so its task is to be sol­id, durable, easy to oper­ate and at the same time not hit the own­er too hard. In addi­tion, a green­house can be a great source of income.

You can buy a ready-made struc­ture, but, as a rule, high-qual­i­ty green­hous­es are very expen­sive, and their sizes do not always suit us.

Inde­pen­dent con­struc­tion of a green­house will:

- cheap­er; — some­times much bet­ter than the pur­chased design;

- take into account the char­ac­ter­is­tics of cul­ti­vat­ed crops;

- the size and height you need.

Where to begin

You should start by choos­ing a place for con­struc­tion. It should be as even as pos­si­ble. It is desir­able that the green­house is locat­ed near the house in an open area. The ide­al direc­tion of con­struc­tion is from north to south. This is nec­es­sary so that the sun, mov­ing from east to west, illu­mi­nates your green­house even­ly.

Foundation — the basis of the foundations

The con­struc­tion of a qual­i­ty foun­da­tion should be giv­en spe­cial atten­tion, because the sta­bil­i­ty and strength of the struc­ture depends on it. Build­ing a foun­da­tion is a rather labo­ri­ous task, but the result is worth it. So let’s get start­ed.

Read also: How to use agrofi­bre for plant pro­tec­tion

1. Mark the area for the future green­house, do not for­get to take into account the ori­en­ta­tion to the car­di­nal points. Your plants need the max­i­mum amount of sun­light.

2. Dig a trench around the perime­ter of the build­ing, approx­i­mate­ly 0.5 m deep.

3. Pour a small sand cush­ion (about 5 cm) on the bot­tom, care­ful­ly com­pact the sand.

4. Lay grav­el on top with a lay­er of 10 cm.

5. Install rebar or mesh.

6. Fill with high-qual­i­ty con­crete mor­tar.

A sol­id foun­da­tion is ready!

Greenhouse frame — choose the shape and material

Typ­i­cal­ly, a green­house con­sists of a frame and a cov­er. Frames are made from dif­fer­ent mate­ri­als. The main ones are alu­minum, steel pipes, plas­tic, wood. It is more prac­ti­cal to build a frame from gal­va­nized pipes — they do not rot like wood, and do not rust as quick­ly as ordi­nary met­al. How­ev­er, not every­one can afford gal­va­nized pipes. As for the coat­ing, it is usu­al­ly glass, mul­ti­lay­er green­house film https://planetaplast.com/ru/product/multilayer-films/ or cel­lu­lar poly­car­bon­ate. The shape of the green­hous­es does not dif­fer in vari­ety — either an “arch” or a “house”. The choice of form direct­ly depends on what the frame is cov­ered with. So, the film is suit­able for any form of green­house, glass — only for a “house”, and poly­car­bon­ate — only for an arched green­house.

Mod­ern green­hous­es are mount­ed from alu­minum pro­files. Con­sid­er a more bud­get option: a green­house made of wood and film. Before start­ing con­struc­tion, the first thing to do after choos­ing a place is to set the dimen­sions of the future struc­ture. The stan­dard today is the size of 3 by 6 meters. Along the perime­ter with giv­en dimen­sions, wood­en blocks are dri­ven into the ground. The beam must be with a cross sec­tion of at least 80 mm, and even bet­ter if a cross sec­tion of 100 mm is tak­en. If the soil is soft (sand), the beam is dri­ven to a depth of about 1 meter, and if it is dense (clay), then 0.5 meters is enough.

Read also: How to fix gar­den paths

On top of the pil­lars dri­ven into the ground, bars are fas­tened in a hor­i­zon­tal posi­tion. The dis­tance between them should be approx­i­mate­ly 0.6 meters, since rafters will be attached to them. The opti­mal door dimen­sions for such a green­house are 60 by 200 cm.

Covering the frame with film

To attach the film to the frame, it is best to take a whole piece of film, oth­er­wise the instal­la­tion will become some­what more com­pli­cat­ed. Along the perime­ter of the base, wood­en slats are attached, to which, in turn, a film is nailed. The end of the green­house should be closed com­plete­ly. In order for the green­house to warm up bet­ter, you need to make the out­er north­ern wall of an opaque mate­r­i­al, and inside it should be reflec­tive.

Ventilation and heating of greenhouses

Air­ing is nec­es­sary for plants on hot days. For these pur­pos­es, spe­cial “win­dows” are pro­vid­ed, which are desir­able to be placed on the ceil­ing of the green­house. Make sure they open and close eas­i­ly, as some­times this pro­ce­dure has to be repeat­ed sev­er­al times a day.

Heat­ing is nec­es­sary if you grow ear­ly veg­eta­bles or herbs in a green­house, as well as seedlings. For heat­ing, you can use stoves, pot­bel­ly stoves, or elec­tri­cal appli­ances. Heat­ing a green­house is either labo­ri­ous or expen­sive, but the result will cer­tain­ly please you. You can also car­ry out elec­tric heat­ing in the green­house, in which case you are not afraid of any frosts.

Have a boun­ti­ful har­vest!

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