Is it possible to transport the refrigerator lying down (horizontally) and how to do it



When mov­ing or when buy­ing a new refrig­er­a­tor, it is trans­port­ed. And, accord­ing to the rec­om­men­da­tions of the man­u­fac­tur­er of such equip­ment, trans­porta­tion can only be car­ried out if the equip­ment is placed ver­ti­cal­ly. That is, in his “work­ing” posi­tion.

What is it for? To pre­vent dam­age to its com­po­nents, name­ly the cap­il­lary tubes through which fre­on cir­cu­lates, as well as the com­pres­sor.

But what to do if there is no spe­cial­ized car with a high side or car­go body, where you can place the refrig­er­a­tor “stand­ing”? What do experts advise on this and what you need to know about the trans­porta­tion of such equip­ment?

Is it possible to transport the refrigerator horizontally

The oper­at­ing instruc­tions for such equip­ment do not always have a sec­tion that explains the rules of trans­porta­tion. And if there is, then it clear­ly states that trans­porta­tion, deliv­ery is pos­si­ble only with the ver­ti­cal place­ment of the refrig­er­a­tor. That is, exact­ly as it is ini­tial­ly placed in the pack­ag­ing from the man­u­fac­tur­er (some­times a wood­en crate is used instead, as well as a film wind­ing).

What explains this? The fact that dur­ing trans­porta­tion on the machine vibra­tion occurs, as well as a dynam­ic load on all com­po­nents of the equip­ment. And the cap­il­lary sys­tem is designed to work in a ver­ti­cal posi­tion. That is, in this case, the risk of dam­age to it is min­i­mal.

Also, the com­pres­sor itself is placed in such a way that it is not resis­tant to side load. This can even lead to the fact that it sim­ply comes off, and at the same time dam­ages the coil tubes. Sub­se­quent repairs in many cas­es are inap­pro­pri­ate. That is, it will be cheap­er to pur­chase a new refrig­er­a­tor.

Spe­cial­ists of ser­vice cen­ters, in turn, argue that the trans­porta­tion of large equip­ment in a hor­i­zon­tal posi­tion is pos­si­ble.

But sub­ject to the fol­low­ing rules:

  1. The angle of incli­na­tion should not exceed 40 degrees. That is, the refrig­er­a­tor will not be placed strict­ly hor­i­zon­tal­ly, but at a slope.
  2. First you need to firm­ly fix the com­pres­sor.
  3. The entire cap­il­lary sys­tem must be placed upwards (regard­less of which side it is placed on by the man­u­fac­tur­er).

In this case, the risk of any prob­lems is min­i­mal.


In what cases is the refrigerator transported horizontally

This trans­porta­tion option is main­ly used if there is no truck designed to trans­port large-sized equip­ment (with high sides). In this case, the refrig­er­a­tor is installed hor­i­zon­tal­ly. But you need to do every­thing to min­i­mize the like­li­hood of its break­down.

You also need to con­sid­er that there are sev­er­al options for refrig­er­a­tors that absolute­ly can­not be trans­port­ed “lying down”.

IMPORTANT! Some man­u­fac­tur­ers pro­vide for the pos­si­bil­i­ty of trans­porta­tion by installing the refrig­er­a­tor on the “back” wall. In such mod­els, a mas­sive base plate is installed there, which pro­tects the cap­il­lary sys­tem from any mechan­i­cal dam­age. All this is indi­cat­ed in the tech­ni­cal instruc­tions.


Which refrigerators cannot be transported horizontally

Such a ban is pro­vid­ed for all old “Sovi­et” refrig­er­a­tors, as well as for the most mod­ern ones equipped with the No Frost sys­tem. They can only be placed ver­ti­cal­ly.

And this is because of the weight of their com­pres­sors, the elec­tric motor. It is so large that even a slight vibra­tion can come off and dam­age the cap­il­lary sys­tem.

And in old refrig­er­a­tion equip­ment, large vol­umes of fre­on are often used. He is flam­ma­ble. That is, acci­den­tal dam­age to the cap­il­lary sealed sys­tem can even pro­voke a mas­sive fire.

Preparing the refrigerator for transport

Both a new and a used refrig­er­a­tor must be prop­er­ly pre­pared for trans­port, because they are not designed for hor­i­zon­tal trans­port.

Gen­er­al rec­om­men­da­tions:

  1. Com­plete­ly free both the freez­er and the refrig­er­a­tor from prod­ucts and shelves. Any­thing that can be removed must be removed. Addi­tion­al­ly, you can remove the plas­tic dec­o­ra­tive pan­el, the han­dle (the first one is held on by plas­tic latch­es, the han­dle is unscrewed).
  2. Defrost the refrig­er­a­tor. That is, dis­con­nect from the pow­er sup­ply, let it stand for at least 12 hours.
  3. Clean the inner cham­bers gen­tly with a soft sponge and soapy water.
  4. If man­u­al defrost­ing is pro­vid­ed, drain all the water, thor­ough­ly dry all the “insides” of the refrig­er­a­tor.
  5. Fix the com­pres­sor. For this, most man­u­fac­tur­ers pro­vide for the instal­la­tion of trans­port bolts (2 — 3 pieces). Also, it is addi­tion­al­ly fixed with the help of elas­tic belts, which addi­tion­al­ly con­tribute to the damp­ing of vibra­tions.
  6. If nec­es­sary, the door of the refrig­er­at­ing and freez­ing cham­bers is dis­man­tled (for exam­ple, if the refrig­er­a­tor can­not oth­er­wise be tak­en out of the room, since its dimen­sions exceed the door­way).
  7. If the doors are not dis­man­tled, they are fixed with a belt, mask­ing tape or film.

Then you can pro­ceed direct­ly to load­ing. The main thing is to avoid sud­den move­ments, shocks.

If the han­dle has not been pre­vi­ous­ly dis­man­tled, then it is impos­si­ble to take it as a grip. It is not designed for high dynam­ic load and will sim­ply come off.

Under no cir­cum­stances should the refrig­er­a­tor be turned upside down dur­ing load­ing. In 99% of cas­es, this will end with oil get­ting into the cap­il­lary tube sys­tem, and they will need to be com­plete­ly cleaned (and this is done only in a ser­vice cen­ter).

The demon­strat­ed door should be installed at the time of trans­porta­tion (for addi­tion­al pro­tec­tion of the enam­el or acrylic coat­ing from the inside).


On which side is the refrigerator transported in a horizontal position?

The cap­il­lary sys­tem must be placed on top when trans­port­ed in the supine posi­tion. For most refrig­er­a­tors, it is locat­ed imme­di­ate­ly behind the back wall (or in front of it).

Accord­ing­ly, it is nec­es­sary to lay the equip­ment on the “door”. In this case, the prob­a­bil­i­ty of dam­age to the tubes is min­i­mal.

You can also find out which side the tubes are placed on from the instruc­tions.

But keep in mind that in some mod­els they are locat­ed on both sides. That is, on one of them, fre­on approach­es the com­pres­sor, on the oth­er, it enters the cap­il­lary sys­tem. And the “out­go­ing” tube should be locat­ed on top.

How to find out? Just touch it gen­tly with your hand. But you need to do this only after turn­ing off the refrig­er­a­tor, giv­ing it at least 15 — 20 min­utes to set­tle. The tube that will be warm is the one you are look­ing for. It should be placed strict­ly at the top.


When can I use the refrigerator after transportation

The instruc­tions state that the refrig­er­a­tor must not be turned on imme­di­ate­ly after trans­porta­tion. You need to wait. How? At least 2 — 4 hours if the trans­porta­tion was car­ried out in the warm sea­son (at an ambi­ent tem­per­a­ture of about 20 degrees or high­er). And at least 6 — 8 hours, if — in the cold sea­son (when the tem­per­a­ture is less than 20 degrees).

And experts do rec­om­mend not to use the equip­ment after trans­porta­tion for as long as 24 hours, while it should be placed ver­ti­cal­ly all this time.

What is it for? Inside the com­pres­sor is vis­cous oil. And it should be locat­ed below, where all its rotat­ing parts are locat­ed.

And after a long trans­porta­tion of the refrig­er­a­tor on its side, it accu­mu­lates on the side. This can lead to the fact that after switch­ing on, oil will enter the cap­il­lary sys­tem. Nat­u­ral­ly, this will cause its block­age, and then it will need to be replaced, since the refrig­er­a­tor sim­ply will not work (fre­on “can­not” cir­cu­late).

How is ambi­ent tem­per­a­ture affect­ed? The vis­cos­i­ty of the oil direct­ly depends on it. The warmer — the low­er the vis­cos­i­ty, that is, the oil will drain to the bot­tom of the com­pres­sor faster. The low­er the tem­per­a­ture, the more vis­cous it is, respec­tive­ly, it will take more time.

IMPORTANT! Before turn­ing on the refrig­er­a­tor, it must be kept in a warm room at a tem­per­a­ture of about 15 — 20 degrees or high­er. Start­ing “cold” is strict­ly pro­hib­it­ed, as this can dam­age the com­pres­sor.


Why is it important to transport your refrigerator with care?

Both the cap­il­lary sys­tem and the com­pres­sor in the refrig­er­a­tor do not have any seals or rub­ber bands that would absorb vibra­tions.

And the engine itself is locat­ed on the frame, immersed in oil. All this is nec­es­sary so that dur­ing oper­a­tion it does not cre­ate any addi­tion­al noise, vibra­tion is min­i­mal. That is, it is actu­al­ly not fixed in any way. And from the slight­est move­ment it can move from its frame, dam­age the tubes (they are quite thin, which is nec­es­sary to ensure heat trans­fer).

Ignor­ing the rules of trans­porta­tion will cer­tain­ly lead to their dam­age.

And despite the huge num­ber and vari­ety of mod­els of refrig­er­a­tors, they all work in the same way. And they have the same struc­ture. They dif­fer only in the capac­i­ty of the installed com­pres­sor, the capac­i­ty of the cir­cu­la­tion sys­tem, as well as the con­trol board.

Other transportation options for the refrigerator

In addi­tion to the hor­i­zon­tal place­ment of the refrig­er­a­tor, its trans­porta­tion can be car­ried out:

  • ver­ti­cal­ly is the pre­ferred option;
  • inclined.

But in any of these cas­es, you can turn it on to the net­work only after 2 to 8 hours.

Only after the oil has com­plete­ly sunk into the bot­tom of the com­pres­sor. For addi­tion­al pro­tec­tion, you can use a wood­en or plas­tic crate.

Vertical transport

In this case, the com­pres­sor, the doors are also nec­es­sar­i­ly rigid­ly fixed. All shelves, box­es are removed (it is rec­om­mend­ed to car­ry them sep­a­rate­ly).

Out­side, the refrig­er­a­tor is either wrapped in foil, or it is sim­ply placed in its orig­i­nal pack­ag­ing (togeth­er with foam).



In this case, you must fol­low the same rules that are used for hor­i­zon­tal trans­porta­tion.

But the refrig­er­a­tor itself is placed at an angle. The opti­mal angle is 40 degrees or more. The equip­ment is rigid­ly fixed with the help of trans­port belts.

In total, trans­port­ing a refrig­er­a­tor is not a triv­ial task, it must be approached with extreme cau­tion. And if there is an oppor­tu­ni­ty to refuse hor­i­zon­tal trans­porta­tion, it is bet­ter to use it. Use only as a last resort, and only for short dis­tances (up to 100 kilo­me­ters).

Old refrig­er­a­tors, or those equipped with the NoFrost sys­tem, must be trans­port­ed only in an upright posi­tion (unless oth­er­wise pro­vid­ed by the man­u­fac­tur­er).

Useful video

We present to your atten­tion a video in which they will tell you whether it is pos­si­ble to trans­port a refrig­er­a­tor lying down:






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