Clematis — garden decoration


Clematis — garden decoration

The amaz­ing plant clema­tis (from the Greek Clema­tis, which means “vine”) has a very ancient his­to­ry! It goes back to medieval Japan, where the breed­ing and cul­ti­va­tion of these plants with climb­ing stems and a vari­ety of shapes and col­ors of flow­ers con­tin­ued for a long time. Over time, clos­er to the six­teenth cen­tu­ry, this plant suc­cess­ful­ly “migrat­ed” to Europe and “scat­tered” around the world. It can be found every­where, except per­haps at the North and South Poles. clema­tis seedlings

In the Russ­ian Fed­er­a­tion, clema­tis seedlings appeared back in the nine­teenth cen­tu­ry and received a pecu­liar name — “clema­tis” (most like­ly, for the pun­gent smell ema­nat­ing from its roots). Today in Rus­sia, this flower is in great demand because of the beau­ty and con­ve­nience of dec­o­rat­ing home gar­dens and dec­o­rat­ing it. In addi­tion, thanks to the great selec­tion work today, the “fans” of this won­der­ful plant have received many new won­der­ful vari­eties. By the way, now the num­ber of their species is approach­ing three hun­dred.

Why did this amaz­ing plant cap­ti­vate lovers and pro­fes­sion­als of floristry so much? The fact is that clema­tis has a curly woody stem and young flex­i­ble shoots, cling­ing and ris­ing to a height of up to three meters. In addi­tion, its branch­es are lit­er­al­ly strewn with flow­ers (there are up to 500 of them) of the most diverse col­ors, from dark pur­ple to white. There­fore, flower grow­ers in recent years have been pay­ing spe­cial atten­tion to the choice and options for using this plant for dec­o­ra­tive gar­den­ing of sum­mer cot­tages, pri­vate hous­es, parks, etc.

Are there any fea­tures in the cul­ti­va­tion of clema­tis? After all, back in the nine­teenth cen­tu­ry, this plant in Rus­sia was con­sid­ered a green­house. Of course, due to the fact that it has come a long way from Japan to Europe and Amer­i­ca, and then came to us, to Rus­sia, that is, almost to the north, its prop­er­ties have changed. But thanks to sci­en­tists — breed­ers, clema­tis, hav­ing retained their capri­cious dis­po­si­tion (love for warmth and the sun, well-fer­til­ized per­me­able soil, fear of strong winds), lit­er­al­ly broke free.

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Car­ing for clema­tis does not require much has­sle. But only if the plant is plant­ed cor­rect­ly, in com­pli­ance with all agro­nom­ic norms and require­ments: in a site where there is no excess mois­ture, prefer­ably slight­ly on a hillock, pro­tect­ed from the winds, suf­fi­cient­ly illu­mi­nat­ed by sun­light. And, of course, with reg­u­lar organ­ic and min­er­al sup­ple­ments (up to 4 times per sea­son). But they are also sen­si­tive to over­heat­ing. And this must be tak­en into account when the soil is pre­pared in spring (add peat, saw­dust, loosen well).

Thus, when every­thing is ready for their dis­em­barka­tion or trans­plan­ta­tion, one must not for­get about the most impor­tant thing: props or trel­lis. This is nec­es­sary in order not to sub­se­quent­ly dam­age the root sys­tem.
It is also worth know­ing that these flow­ers repro­duce only veg­e­ta­tive­ly, that is, by divid­ing bush­es (not old­er than sev­en years) or with the help of young vines grown in grooves, as well as seeds. Only when sow­ing seeds, the plant grows with small flow­ers.

Like any oth­er plant, they can be affect­ed by “their” dis­eases (pow­dery mildew, wilt­ing, gray rot). No less dan­ger­ous are pests such as aphids, cater­pil­lars, bears, and even mice. But the root-knot nema­tode is the most dan­ger­ous of them. There are many organ­ic and chem­i­cal means of deal­ing with them. But the main thing is atten­tion and love for the plant. And it will respond with its lush, lush and fra­grant flow­er­ing in spring and sum­mer.







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