Hydrolysis cleaning of the oven: what is it, principle of operation, advantages

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Among the mod­ern meth­ods of clean­ing the oven, a spe­cial posi­tion is occu­pied by the method of remov­ing con­t­a­m­i­nants with steam — hydrol­y­sis. What does she rep­re­sent? How to car­ry it out step by step to elim­i­nate pol­lu­tion, and what to do if food remains are found on the walls after it? You will find answers to ques­tions below.

The principle of hydrolysis treatment

It is not by chance that hydrol­y­sis clean­ing of the oven got its name, because it is based on the process of hydrol­y­sis (decay) — a chem­i­cal reac­tion in which sub­stances inter­act with water, break down and form new com­pounds. So, the essence of clean­ing is as fol­lows:

  1. Water is poured into a spe­cial oven tray, the door is closed, and the appli­ance is heat­ed to a tem­per­a­ture of 90 ° C.
  2. When the oven heats up, the water heats up and steam is released from it. It is he who will soft­en the dried spots of fat and oth­er con­t­a­m­i­nants.
  3. The marked fat will drain to the bot­tom of the oven and must be man­u­al­ly removed after the oven has cooled down, which will take 30–40 min­utes.

Hydrolysis oven cleaning

The inner sur­faces of ovens with a steam clean­ing method are cov­ered with a spe­cial easy-to-clean enam­el that is resis­tant to food acids. Such a pro­tec­tive coat­ing is nec­es­sary so that par­ti­cles of grease and oth­er con­t­a­m­i­nants do not pen­e­trate inside the oven.

When buy­ing an oven, choose those mod­els that have enam­el that can pre­vent the accu­mu­la­tion of fat. In the future, this will great­ly facil­i­tate hydrol­y­sis clean­ing.

The fol­low­ing video offers a visu­al demon­stra­tion of how the steam clean­ing of the oven works:

This func­tion can­not be called auto­mat­ic, since after it you still have to use a wet wipe. In order to avoid a lot of time and effort, the oven should be cleaned as often as pos­si­ble, prefer­ably after each cook­ing.

How to carry out hydrolysis cleaning of the oven?

Hydrol­y­sis clean­ing is easy and does not require high ener­gy costs, as in the case of pyrolyt­ic clean­ing. The process of remov­ing fat with it includes:

  1. Remove all trays and guides from the oven.
  2. Pour water into a spe­cial recess at the bot­tom of the oven. If there is none, then you need to fill a shal­low, but wide con­tain­er with liq­uid, and place it on the oven grate.
  3. Add a spe­cial gel to the water to enhance the clean­ing effect. In most instruc­tions, the vol­ume of water for each mod­el is indi­cat­ed. On aver­age, up to 1.5 liters of flu­id may be required.
  4. Enable clean­ing mode. With it, the oven is heat­ed to tem­per­a­tures of 50–90 ° C. The choice of this val­ue depends on the mod­el and man­u­fac­tur­er of the oven. After set­ting a cer­tain tem­per­a­ture, the water turns into a vapor state and soft­ens the dirt that has accu­mu­lat­ed on the walls of the oven.
  5. Wipe the inside of the oven with a paper tow­el.

Cleaning the oven surface

If the oven has not been cleaned for a long time, and the fat in it has hard­ened, you can­not do with­out a clean­ing agent and a sponge.

Functions of hydrolysis cleaning in new ovens

Many mod­ern oven mod­els have a Clean­ing func­tion that requires clean­ing using addi­tion­al sprays to replace steam. In this case, clean­ing is car­ried out accord­ing to the fol­low­ing instruc­tions:

  1. The oven heats up to 90 degrees.
  2. After 15 min­utes (by click­ing), the oven door opens. It is nec­es­sary to treat the walls with oven care spray as quick­ly as pos­si­ble and close the door.
  3. Traces of split fat, spray and liq­uid are cleaned after the oven has com­plete­ly cooled down, which will take about 15 min­utes.

Oven cleaning spray

Mod­ern oven mod­els also have an Aqua Clean clean­ing func­tion. Unlike the pre­vi­ous ver­sion, it works at a low­er tem­per­a­ture. So, for clean­ing, you need to fill a bak­ing sheet with 500 ml of water and select the clean­ing mode. The oven will heat up to 50 degrees, and clean­ing will take place with­in 30 min­utes. At the end of this time, you can open the door and remove the dirt.

There are also pre­mi­um ovens on the mar­ket with a hydrol­y­sis pro­gram that acti­vates the clean­ing, giv­ing you the oppor­tu­ni­ty to choose a timer and inten­si­ty for it.

Advantages and disadvantages of hydrolysis cleaning

The main advan­tages of ovens with hydrol­y­sis pro­grams are as fol­lows:

  • With reg­u­lar clean­ing, it is quite easy to get rid of var­i­ous con­t­a­m­i­nants.
  • Hydrol­y­sis saves ener­gy and deter­gents.
  • The Aqua Clean pro­gram works at low tem­per­a­tures — it is enough to heat the oven to 50 ° C. Its dura­tion is only half an hour.
  • The “Clean­ing” pro­gram allows you to deal with dif­fi­cult fresh stains using a spray to cre­ate steam, and the clean­ing will take 15 min­utes and will be car­ried out at mod­er­ate tem­per­a­tures — up to 90 ° C.
  • The pres­ence of hydrol­y­sis func­tions does not affect the price of the oven.

The dis­ad­van­tages of hydrol­y­sis treat­ment should also be tak­en into account:

  • Com­plex and old stains on the inner walls of the oven do not split under steam pres­sure, because they change their struc­ture when they dry. There­fore, in order to remove them, it is nec­es­sary to car­ry out hydrol­y­sis clean­ing sev­er­al times. Even if this does not help, you will have to use a met­al sponge, but you need to act as care­ful­ly as pos­si­ble, since you can dam­age the enam­el.
  • After clean­ing, you will have to man­u­al­ly clean the split fat, and only after the oven has com­plete­ly cooled down.
  • Before clean­ing, you need to get the grates, the oppo­nent and the skew­er, so they will also have to be washed by hand.

Based on the fea­tures, pros and cons of hydrol­y­sis, it can be not­ed that this method great­ly sim­pli­fies clean­ing, but is not ful­ly auto­mat­ic, and also does not cope with old stains.

Steam oven cleaning video

The process of hydrol­y­sis clean­ing can be viewed on the video:

The hydrol­y­sis method of clean­ing ovens is infe­ri­or in effi­cien­cy to oth­er built-in clean­ings, but at the same time it helps to get rid of fat faster if the host­ess does not want to scrub them her­self. It has been used for a long time not only in ovens, but also in microwave ovens, plac­ing a small con­tain­er of water on their bot­tom and main­tain­ing the high tem­per­a­ture for sev­er­al min­utes.


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