How to choose a juicer for vegetables and fruits? Screw or centrifugal?


Fresh veg­etable and fruit juices pro­vide us with vit­a­mins, enzymes, microele­ments. To make fresh juice at home, you need a juice extrac­tor. How to choose a juicer for veg­eta­bles and fruits? Which design is bet­ter, more durable? What mod­els of devices are the most ver­sa­tile?

Types of juicers

Electricity or mechanical forces

The juicer motor can use elec­tric cur­rent or human mechan­i­cal effort. Each of these meth­ods has its own advan­tages and dis­ad­van­tages. An elec­tric juicer allows you to quick­ly get a glass of juice from any hard veg­etable. But it needs elec­tric­i­ty to work.

A mechan­i­cal juicer can pro­duce juice with­out a pow­er sup­ply, but requires sig­nif­i­cant mus­cle effort. Mechan­i­cal wringers are pur­chased if there is no elec­tric­i­ty in the coun­try, or if the juice will be pre­pared in field con­di­tions.

Versatile or citrus

A house­hold juicer can be nar­row (for exam­ple, for cit­rus fruits) or broad­er and more ver­sa­tile (for most fruits and veg­eta­bles). Uni­ver­sal machines are larg­er, heav­ier and more expen­sive. Cit­rus fruits — have a sim­ple struc­ture, but are lim­it­ed in the choice of fruits: only the juicy pulp of an orange or lemon.

Uni­ver­sal juicers can be divid­ed into two groups accord­ing to the method of chop­ping fruits and veg­eta­bles: cen­trifu­gal and auger. How are these designs dif­fer­ent? And which squeez­er to choose — screw or cen­trifu­gal?

Centrifugal juicer for vegetables and preparations

Home Cen­trifu­gal Juicer is a tra­di­tion­al juic­ing machine. Fruits and veg­eta­bles are loaded through a ver­ti­cal open­ing. They are low­ered and pressed down with a push­er. The raw mate­r­i­al falls on rotat­ing knives (round grater) and is crushed into gru­el. At the same time, due to the high rota­tion speed, veg­eta­bles and fruits are heat­ed and par­tial­ly oxi­dized with the for­ma­tion of foam. The result­ing juice in a glass is divid­ed into lay­ers (light and dark, sat­u­rat­ed and unsat­u­rat­ed).

The tem­per­a­ture of heat­ing the juice leads to a reduc­tion in the amount of live vit­a­mins. Such an extrac­tion is con­sid­ered aggres­sive in terms of mod­ern advanced tech­nolo­gies.

The dis­tance between the push­er and the grater is a few mil­lime­ters. This is nec­es­sary for the free rota­tion of the grater with cells. The dis­ad­van­tage of this design is that you can­not process herbs, squeeze juice from net­tle, dan­de­lion, wheat­grass. To choose a juicer for green smooth­ies, you need to refer to oth­er mod­els.

The juice sep­a­ra­tor can have two geo­met­ric shapes: a cone and a wide cylin­der. A cylin­dri­cal sep­a­ra­tor is a cir­cle with sides. When rotat­ing under the action of cen­trifu­gal force, the fruit and veg­etable mass is pressed against the sides, in which there are many small holes. The juice flows through the holes and the pulp remains in the sep­a­ra­tor. This is how the juice is sep­a­rat­ed from the veg­etable or fruit mass.

The pulp accu­mu­lates in the cylin­dri­cal sep­a­ra­tor and, although a spe­cial mech­a­nism is pro­vid­ed for its dis­charge, it is often nec­es­sary to remove the pulp man­u­al­ly: stop the juicer, remove the lid and take out the squeezed mass.

The sep­a­ra­tor-cone is dis­tin­guished by auto­mat­ic ejec­tion of the cake. Dur­ing rota­tion, the squeezed out residues grad­u­al­ly rise to the edges of the fil­ter cone, pour out of it into a spe­cial reser­voir. This auto­mat­i­cal­ly removes waste.

The oper­a­tion of the cen­trifu­gal juicer is accom­pa­nied by noise and vibra­tion. The cen­trifu­gal design allows you to squeeze the raw mate­r­i­al for a long time. It is indis­pens­able for pro­cess­ing a rich har­vest. This is the best juicer for har­vest­ing juice for the win­ter.

With dai­ly use of the cen­trifuge design, juices from sol­id fruits and veg­eta­bles are bet­ter than oth­ers: this is an excel­lent juicer for car­rots, pump­kins, apples, and beets.

Centrifugal Juicer

Auger juicer and its features

A screw juicer grinds raw mate­ri­als accord­ing to a dif­fer­ent prin­ci­ple — punch­ing and press­ing. These are new designs of gen­tle press­ing, in which fruits or veg­eta­bles are squeezed and crushed by a rotat­ing screw (sim­i­lar to grind­ing meat in a meat grinder) with­out heat­ing and oxi­da­tion. Some designs use two suc­ces­sive augers to grind the raw mate­r­i­al. The result­ing cake is pushed into the sep­a­ra­tor, where it is squeezed through a sieve.

For the dai­ly prepa­ra­tion of a glass of morn­ing juice, it is bet­ter to choose the auger design. Let’s list its advan­tages:

  • The rota­tion of the auger makes no noise, con­sumes less elec­tric­i­ty and extracts more juice.
  • The rota­tion of the auger is car­ried out at a low speed, which allows you to get juice with­out heat­ing and oxi­da­tion, in which there are 20–30% more vit­a­mins and enzymes (than juice from a cen­trifu­gal machine).
  • The auger juicer is able to process herbal raw mate­ri­als (wheat germ, pars­ley leaves, cel­ery, oth­er gar­den greens). As a result of squeez­ing the juice from the leaves and stems of plants, a herbal cock­tail is obtained — an invalu­able sup­pli­er of chloro­phyll and an ane­mia pre­ven­tion tool.
  • Only screw con­struc­tions allow you to squeeze the nut and get nut milk — an indis­pens­able pro­tein raw mate­r­i­al in terms of nutri­tion.
  • Screw struc­tures are much eas­i­er to clean, they do not have a cen­trifu­gal sep­a­ra­tor and a cel­lu­lar grater, which must be cleaned with a spe­cial brush to avoid cuts to the fin­gers.

The screw design is the best juicer for mak­ing fresh juices from any raw mate­r­i­al: hard and soft fruits, stone fruits, berries, veg­eta­bles, herbs, nuts.

Screw design

Citrus Juicer

The third design mod­el is a rotat­ing ribbed cone, on which a half-cut orange, lemon is put on and pressed down with a hand or a clamp­ing mech­a­nism. Juicy pulp is sep­a­rat­ed from the peel and falls on the fil­ter mesh.

This design is used exclu­sive­ly for press­ing juicy cit­rus fruits. The height and diam­e­ter of the cone depends on the type of fruit (orange, lemon, grape­fruit), so for high-qual­i­ty extrac­tion, sev­er­al inter­change­able noz­zles are need­ed in the kit.

In addi­tion, if the wringer has a clamp­ing mech­a­nism, it is safer to use. Well, if the reverse rota­tion of the cone is pro­vid­ed (in the oppo­site direc­tion). This allows you to get an addi­tion­al amount of juice from each fruit.

What char­ac­ter­is­tics of wring­ing devices you need to know when buy­ing?

Juicer rotation speed

Rota­tion of the auger or grater at dif­fer­ent speeds allows you to get juices of dif­fer­ent trans­paren­cy. The liq­uid is sep­a­rat­ed from the mass due to cen­trifu­gal force. With fast rota­tion, the cen­trifu­gal force is greater, part of the pulp pass­es through the holes of the cen­trifuge, the juice is thick­er. At low speeds, the graters pro­duce clear­er juices because the pulp does not enter the out­put con­tain­er.

In addi­tion, the choice of speed is influ­enced by the soft­ness of the fruit or veg­etable itself. The juice extrac­tor for apples, beets, car­rots works at high­er speeds. Soft fruits (peach, plum) are processed with slow rota­tion.

The num­ber of speeds in most mod­els does not exceed two. Old designs have one rota­tion speed.

How to choose a universal juicer: comparison options

What to con­sid­er and what to look for when choos­ing a juicer:

  1. Body mate­r­i­al. The met­al body is much more durable than the plas­tic one. There­fore, if you are inter­est­ed in a reli­able pur­chase, choose a juicer with a met­al body and inter­nal parts. Prac­tice con­firms that it is plas­tic parts that break dur­ing oper­a­tion.
  2. Fil­ter mate­r­i­al. Cen­trifu­gal sep­a­ra­tors work with increased loads. They rotate and with­stand the pres­sure of the veg­etable and fruit mass. There­fore, in such mod­els, the sep­a­ra­tor must be met­al and stain­less (stain­less steel). In screw designs, the load is less, so there are plas­tic fil­ter parts. But met­al ele­ments are more durable. Almost always, a cit­rus press fil­ter is made of plas­tic.
  3. Load­ing hole size. The wider the chute, the eas­i­er and faster it is to make juice. The aver­age size of an apple is 70 mm in diam­e­ter. If the hole is small­er, you must first chop the fruit. In addi­tion, the length of the feed chute is impor­tant. If its length is greater than the length of your fin­gers, this will pre­vent acci­den­tal injury when try­ing to push the fruit with your fin­gers towards the auger or rotat­ing grater.
  4. Juice glass size. Deter­mined by the size of the fam­i­ly. In the prepa­ra­tion of juice for one or two peo­ple, a suf­fi­cient vol­ume of a glass is 300–400 mg. For a larg­er num­ber of fam­i­ly mem­bers, a receiv­ing tank of at least 1 liter is required.
  5. Pos­si­bil­i­ty of auto­mat­ic clean­ing. Pro­vid­ed by design. In cylin­dri­cal juicers, a lever can be pro­vid­ed to dump the pulp. In screw mech­a­nisms, the cake is removed auto­mat­i­cal­ly (slow­ly mov­ing along the waste dis­pos­al chan­nel). It is nec­es­sary to ensure the pres­ence of a con­tain­er at the out­let of the chan­nel (bowl, saucepan, wide bowl). Man­u­al­ly clean the juicer with a cit­rus cone.
  6. Has brush­es for clean­ing. This device helps to take care of the cylin­dri­cal grater of the juicer, clean its sharp cells from veg­eta­bles, fruits, peels, fruit seeds.
  7. Addi­tion­al enhance­ments. Drip-stop tech­nol­o­gy, rub­ber feet or mag­net­ic locks to pre­vent mis­as­sem­bly. A drop-stop is a clamp that clos­es off the juice out­let. After the juice is made and col­lect­ed in a glass, the last drops will not fall on the table or table­cloth. Rub­ber­ized feet help the appli­ance stay in place, which is espe­cial­ly impor­tant for cen­trifu­gal wring­ing. Fus­es pre­vent the device from turn­ing on if it is assem­bled incor­rect­ly. And the spout at the receiv­ing tank will allow you to con­ve­nient­ly pour the juice into a glass.
  8. Man­u­fac­tur­er. One of the most impor­tant fac­tors in choos­ing elec­tri­cal appli­ances. The dura­bil­i­ty of your juicer is deter­mined by the qual­i­ty of its man­u­fac­ture. The best reviews are from expen­sive brand­ed mod­els (Bosch, Brown, Ken­wood). Terms of oper­a­tion are con­firmed by war­ran­ty repair. Well, if the man­u­fac­tur­er stip­u­lates one and a half to two years of trou­ble-free oper­a­tion. This indi­cates that the prod­uct is of high qual­i­ty.

Overview of the best models

Juicers from Bosch, Braun, Zelmer, Ken­wood, Moulinex are pop­u­lar and deserved­ly good reviews. The price is low­er for Red­mond, SCARLETT, SATURN, Polaris, Philips, Pana­son­ic wringers. We give descrip­tions of some mod­els.

The first in a series of juicers — Bosch wringers. The man­u­fac­tur­er pro­duces var­i­ous mod­els. The fil­ter and hous­ing of uni­ver­sal devices are made of stain­less steel. Drip­Stop spout is pro­vid­ed (Drop Stop), high qual­i­ty and reli­a­bil­i­ty of oper­a­tion. The list­ed char­ac­ter­is­tics belong to both expen­sive mod­els (BOSCH MES 4010) and more afford­able ones (BOSCH MES 3000).


The next wor­thy juicer brand is Mulinex. Also, a met­al body and a wide mouth, a large glass for auto­mat­ic pulp dis­charge, excel­lent qual­i­ty and ele­gant design for the entire mod­el range. The most expen­sive rep­re­sen­ta­tives (for exam­ple, Moulinex JU650 or Moulinex ZU 5008) are cheap­er than sim­i­lar Bosch mod­els. Plas­tic mod­els are almost twice cheap­er than met­al cas­es.


Price pol­i­cy Zelmer com­pa­ra­ble to the com­mer­cial man­u­fac­tur­er Mulineks. The record hold­er for excel­lent reviews is the ZELMER JE1000 sym­bio cen­trifuge with two speeds, and the ZELMER 377 SL with one speed. The price of the lat­est mod­el does not exceed $60.


The line­up Ken­wood also offers juicers of uni­ver­sal type with gear change, auto­mat­ic clean­ing, safe­ty mech­a­nisms and met­al hous­ing. One of the most pow­er­ful mod­els is KENWOOD JE 880 (2000 W).


Video recommendations

From the pro­gram “Live healthy!”:

From the pro­gram “Every­thing will be kind”:

A vari­ety of juicers com­pli­cates the choice of the buy­er. Buy high-qual­i­ty devices with a guar­an­teed ser­vice life.





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