what types of it exist, how to use it and what you can cook in it + video with recipes

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A blender is a mul­ti­func­tion­al device that allows you to cut, mix and whip foods.

At the same time, the full set of its capa­bil­i­ties varies sig­nif­i­cant­ly depend­ing on the type of device.

Con­sid­er why this device is need­ed and who invent­ed it, what types of it exist and what it does, as well as what dish­es can be cooked using this device.

What is a blender and who invented it?

The word blender comes from the Eng­lish blender — to mix. This unit is one of the old­est units for the kitchen. Old­er than him is only a meat grinder (25 years).

The first such device was invent­ed by Stephen Poplaws­ki in 1922. The idea for this device came to him in an attempt to auto­mate the prepa­ra­tion of a drink “soda foun­tain”. In the USSR, such a drink was known as “soda with syrup”, which was sold every­where in spe­cial vend­ing machines.

The first of these units was a con­tain­er on a stand. At the bot­tom of the bowl was a pro­peller-like knife that could only mix ingre­di­ents, but not cut. In fact, it was the first pro­to­type of a sta­tion­ary blender.

It became wide­spread dur­ing Pro­hi­bi­tion in the Unit­ed States due to the fact that alco­hol in estab­lish­ments began to be secret­ly served only as part of cock­tails (to avoid police claims). The blender at that time allowed bar­tenders to auto­mate the prepa­ra­tion of drinks and meet the increased demand.

A mod­ern blender can eas­i­ly replace a food proces­sor. Its main advan­tage is that it is quite small and easy to han­dle, which allows it to be used with­out any extra effort. With the help of this unit, you can eas­i­ly chop, chop and whip the ingre­di­ents for dish­es.

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Types of devices and their differences

Exist­ing types of blenders:

  • sub­mersible;
  • sta­tion­ary.

A sta­tion­ary blender is a device that con­sists of a tech­ni­cal block and a mix­ing glass with knives at the bot­tom.

The advan­tage of this type of device is that, unlike a sub­mersible blender, you do not need to con­stant­ly hold the device in your hands to grind food.

The dis­ad­van­tage of a sta­tion­ary blender is that you can only mix the ingre­di­ents in the attached bowl. But it is great for mak­ing var­i­ous cock­tails and smooth­ies.

An immer­sion blender dif­fers from a sta­tion­ary blender in wider func­tion­al­i­ty. The device con­sists of two parts of a hard­ware unit and a noz­zle, while the num­ber and func­tion­al­i­ty of noz­zles may be dif­fer­ent.

Pros of an immer­sion blender:

  • You can grind food in any uten­sils resis­tant to mechan­i­cal stress, which allows you to work with any amount of ingre­di­ents
  • A large num­ber of attach­ments that expand func­tion­al­i­ty (whisk, chop­per, etc.)
  • It does­n’t take up much space in the kitchen.

Flaws:

  • You must keep the device in your hands at all times.
  • Not suit­able for cook­ing liq­uid foods

Blender bowls and con­tain­ers can be made of plas­tic, glass and met­al. At the same time, glass, with care­ful han­dling, is the most durable and envi­ron­men­tal­ly friend­ly. Noz­zles are made of stain­less steel or plas­tic.

Pro­fes­sion­al blenders are dis­tin­guished into a spe­cial type of device. They have a large bowl capac­i­ty, pow­er and high reli­a­bil­i­ty, but their price is much high­er. Also, as you can already under­stand from the name, such devices can be not only for home use, but also for com­mer­cial use.

As a result, the dif­fer­ence between devices in grind­ing prod­ucts lies in dif­fer­ent pur­pos­es. The sta­tion­ary one copes bet­ter with mix­ing and whip­ping liq­uid con­sis­ten­cy, and the sub­mersible one with cut­ting and grind­ing hard­er prod­ucts.

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Useful functions of blenders

Here are the most pop­u­lar blender fea­tures:

  • Mix­ing — one of the most pop­u­lar fea­tures allows you to mix and simul­ta­ne­ous­ly whip liq­uids and sus­pen­sions until smooth. This func­tion is the main one for sta­tion­ary devices.
  • Shred­ding and cut­ting — allows you to grind prod­ucts to the desired con­sis­ten­cy. In some mod­els, the dura­tion and inten­si­ty of slic­ing can be con­trolled man­u­al­ly, which allows you to achieve the opti­mal con­sis­ten­cy of prod­ucts for each dish from slic­ing to puree.
  • whip­ping — many hand blenders have this mode thanks to the whisk attach­ment. Allows in some cas­es to replace the mix­er, but in terms of pow­er it is still infe­ri­or to it.

Addi­tion­al func­tions and fea­tures:

  • Ice cube.
  • Prepa­ra­tion of mix­tures in a vac­u­um envi­ron­ment (allows you to keep the fresh­ness of cock­tails longer).
  • Speed ​​con­trol and tur­bo mode (allows you to con­trol the speed and inten­si­ty of the device).
  • Grate food direct­ly into the cook­ing bowl thanks to the grater attach­ment.
  • In expen­sive mod­els, there is a dough knead­ing func­tion using spe­cial “hooks” noz­zles. Thanks to them, the dough is knead­ed even­ly and does not stick to the walls of the bowl.

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What can be cooked in a blender?

With the help of a blender, you can cook a huge num­ber of dish­es:

  • puree soups;
  • cock­tails;
  • sauces;
  • sal­ads;
  • var­i­ous desserts.

Here are some of the most pop­u­lar dish­es and the gen­er­al prin­ci­ple of mak­ing puree soups.

The principle of making puree soups using the example of mushroom cream soup

In order to cook creamy mush­room soup from champignons, you need:

  • 500 grams of pota­toes of any size.
  • 150 grams of onion.
  • 600 grams of water.
  • 250 grams of mush­rooms (fresh or frozen).
  • 200 grams of cream 10–20% fat.
  • salt (at your dis­cre­tion).

At the begin­ning, onion is cut into small cubes and fried in refined veg­etable oil for 5 min­utes at medi­um tem­per­a­ture until gold­en brown.

Mush­rooms are cut into medi­um pieces (you can cut a few pieces along the “mush­room shape” for dec­o­ra­tion). Chopped champignons are added to the fried onion and fried togeth­er for 7–10 min­utes to enhance the taste and aro­ma.

Next, a pot of water is placed on the stove and pota­toes are pre­pared (peeled and cut into pieces the size of a wal­nut). After boil­ing, the pota­toes are thrown into the water and boiled until cooked for about 15 min­utes.

After that, add the onion-mush­room mix­ture to the pan and cook for anoth­er 5 min­utes, and then grind the pieces of veg­eta­bles in the soup with a blender to a puree state.

The last step is to add cream to the pre­pared mix­ture and, stir­ring, bring to a boil. The dish is dec­o­rat­ed with slices of fried mush­rooms and herbs.

The gen­er­al prin­ci­ple of prepar­ing all such soups is grind­ing the sol­id com­po­nents to a homo­ge­neous puree-like mass, while the base of the soup can be any: veg­etable as in the pre­sent­ed recipe or on the broth.

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Curd

The recipe for curd mass is extreme­ly sim­ple.

To make curd mass, you need:

  • about 500 grams of cot­tage cheese
  • 4–5 large spoons of sour cream
  • salt and sug­ar to taste

Pro­por­tions are approx­i­mate and may vary. Also, if desired, you can add var­i­ous berries and jam.

An immer­sion blender is the best way to pre­pare this dish. All ingre­di­ents are loaded into the dish­es and ground to a homo­ge­neous mass for 2–3 min­utes.

Milk shake

A sta­tion­ary blender will do bet­ter with a milk­shake.

The prin­ci­ple of its prepa­ra­tion is to whip milk and ice cream with var­i­ous fillers. In this case, the ratio of ingre­di­ents can be very dif­fer­ent depend­ing on pref­er­ences. For exam­ple, for a clas­sic milk­shake, a glass of milk and a cou­ple of scoops of creamy ice cream will suf­fice.

Of course, this is not all that can be cooked with a blender, there is hun­dreds of recipes using this device.

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What can you grind in a blender?

In a blender, you can grind many ingre­di­ents.

The most pop­u­lar of them are:

  • Veg­eta­bles, fruits and berries — cucum­bers, toma­toes, car­rots, cab­bage, egg­plants, zuc­chi­ni, onions, pump­kins, apples, bananas, pears, etc. Almost any berries can be chopped. It is impor­tant to men­tion that when mak­ing mashed pota­toes with a blender, it becomes more vis­cous and dense due to starch and what con­sis­ten­cy will not be to every­one’s taste. You should also refrain from blend­ing apples with met­al noz­zles, since when in con­tact with met­al, the apple oxi­dizes and changes its taste.
  • Var­i­ous greens — pars­ley, dill, green onion.
  • nuts — peanuts, wal­nuts, cashews, almonds and oth­ers. In this case, they can be crushed to a paste state.
  • Meat — beef, pork, veal, lamb. The result­ing minced meat has a slight­ly dif­fer­ent, denser tex­ture, which makes the cooked meat more uni­form, but less juicy.
  • The blender can also be used as a cof­fee grinder — grind cof­feeand break ice in the pres­ence of a spe­cial grinder.

For bet­ter pro­cess­ing, it is rec­om­mend­ed to pre-cut all prod­ucts into pieces, and boil espe­cial­ly hard ones.

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The most important rules of use

Basic Rules:

  • Do not wash the base han­dles and motor­ized stands under run­ning water or immerse them in any way in run­ning water, as the liq­uid will dam­age the elec­tron­ic com­po­nents. To clean these parts, use a well-wrung damp cloth or a spe­cial clean­ing cloth.
  • If a burn­ing smell occurs dur­ing oper­a­tion, imme­di­ate­ly turn off the device.
  • Do not use a defec­tive appli­ance; in case of break­down, take it to a qual­i­fied spe­cial­ist in a ser­vice cen­ter.
  • It is for­bid­den to use the blender by chil­dren and per­sons who do not have the skills to safe­ly han­dle the device.
  • When using the blender, do not put your fin­gers into the con­tain­er with the oper­at­ing device, and when wash­ing, also be care­ful, as the knives are very sharp.

These rules of oper­a­tion of the device should be tak­en very care­ful­ly, as fail­ure to fol­low them can lead to injury and dam­age to the device.

General step by step instructions

Instruc­tions on how to prop­er­ly use a sta­tion­ary blender:

  1. Con­nect the block rack with the motor to the mains
  2. Put the food in the mix­ing bowl with­out exceed­ing the max­i­mum mark
  3. Attach the filled bowl to the motor unit and be sure to cov­er with a lid
  4. Turn on the device using the required mode, fol­low­ing the time rec­om­mend­ed for con­tin­u­ous oper­a­tion (it varies for devices from dif­fer­ent man­u­fac­tur­ers, usu­al­ly 2–3 min­utes)
  5. At the end of mix­ing, pour the result­ing mix­ture into a con­tain­er, and gen­tly wash the bowl and wipe it dry.
  6. Unplug the appli­ance after use

Immer­sion Blender Instruc­tions:

  1. Attach the nec­es­sary attach­ment to the blender
  2. Con­nect the base han­dle with the motor to the mains
  3. Place food in a scratch-resis­tant con­tain­er
  4. Turn on the device using the required mode, fol­low­ing the time rec­om­mend­ed for con­tin­u­ous oper­a­tion (it varies for devices from dif­fer­ent man­u­fac­tur­ers, usu­al­ly 2–3 min­utes)
  5. After mix­ing or grind­ing, unplug the appli­ance from the sock­et
  6. Detach the noz­zle from the base han­dle for lat­er wash­ing

If the cor­rect mode of oper­a­tion is observed, your blender will remain an indis­pens­able assis­tant in the kitchen for a long time and will last for many years.

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Useful video

The video gives inter­est­ing recipes for a blender:

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